The Great Edgar Allan biography Early life Story with Military Career | 2024

Edgar Allan Poe, also known as Edgar Poe, was an American writer, poet, author, editor, and literary critic who lived from January 19, 1809, to October 7, 1849. His most famous works are his short stories and poems, especially the macabre and mystery genres. He is recognized by many as a key character in American literature, particularly in the fields of Gothic and Romanticism in the United States. Poe is credited with creating the detective fiction subgenre and making a substantial contribution to the nascent science fiction subgenre. He was among the nation’s first practitioners of the short story. Being the first well-known American writer to support himself only via writing, he had a challenging life and career in terms of money.

Poe was born in Boston. She is the second child of actors David and Elizabeth “Eliza” Poe. Poe’s father abandoned the family in 1810, and he was taken in by John and Frances Allan of Richmond, Virginia, after his mother died the next year. He lived with them well into his early adulthood, even though they never formally adopted him. Due to financial difficulties, he left the University of Virginia after just one year. He argued with John Allan about his gambling debts and the money for his schooling. Under a false identity, he joined the US Army in 1827 and published Tamerlane and Other Poems, his debut collection, with merely “a Bostonian” receiving credit. After Allan’s wife’s death in 1829, Poe and Allan temporarily reconciled. After, Poe left Allan and expressed his strong desire to become a poet and writer after failing as an officer cadet at West Point.

Poe shifted his emphasis to prose and worked for literary journals and publications for the next few years, developing a reputation for his own brand of literary criticism. He was compelled by his job to move frequently, stopping in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. He married Virginia Clemm, his 13-year-old cousin, in 1836; however, she passed away from disease in 1847. He immediately became well-known after publishing his poem “The Raven” in January 1845. He had long-term plans to publish his own journal, The Penn, which would eventually become The Stylus. However, Poe passed away in Baltimore in 1849 at the age of 40 inexplicably before it could be published. Although the exact cause of his death is still unknown, other theories have been put out, including illness, drinking, drug misuse, and suicide.

Poe and his works of art had an impact on global literature as well as specialist disciplines like cryptography and cosmology. He and his creations can be found across a wide range of popular media, including television, movies, music, and books. Many of his residences are turned into museums. Every year, the Mystery Writers of America bestow the Edgar Award for outstanding contributions to the mystery genre.

Early Education

Poe was sent by wealthy tobacco merchant John Allan to the best boarding schools and then to the University of Virginia, where he did very well academically. But when Allan refused to pay Poe’s gambling debts, he was forced to leave the university after less than a year of study.

Military career

He impulsively enlisted in the Army as a private for a five-year tenure in the First Regiment of Artillery under the identity “Edgar A. Perry.” He stayed in Fort Independence in Boston until the fall of 1827, then moved to Fort Moultrie in South Carolina in November. He appeared to thrive there as he assembled artillery munitions. A further transfer took place thirteen months later, this time to Fortress Monroe at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. Poe reached the highest enlisted rank available to him—Sergeant Major for Artillery—after only two years of military service. He then unexpectedly found a replacement and left the Army to seek a position at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. One fourth time, Allan stepped in to support Poe and used his great power to get the appointment.

Writing Career as a Critic and Poet

Poe released his third novel and turned his full-time attention to literature after graduating from West Point. He lived in Richmond, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York City, and other places as he traveled around looking for opportunities. When John Allan passed away in 1834, he did not include Poe in his will but did provide for an illegitimate kid that Allan had never met.

Poe, who struggled with hardship even after that, had a break when one of his short pieces appeared in the Baltimore Saturday Visiter and won a prize. After he started putting out more short pieces, he was hired as an editor of the Richmond-based Southern Literary Messenger in 1835. Poe gained notoriety as a ruthless critic by penning scathing assessments of his peers. He was known for his harsh criticisms as the “Tomahawk Man.”

But his time at the magazine turned out to be brief. Poe’s critical style and occasionally aggressive attitude caused tension in his connection with the magazine, which ultimately led to his departure in 1837. Some stories claim that his alcoholism contributed to his departure as well.


When Joseph W. Walker discovered Poe on October 3, 1849, he was conscious, “in great distress, and… in need of immediate assistance” in Baltimore. After being brought to the Washington Medical College, he passed away at five o’clock in the morning on Sunday, October 7, 1849.] Poe was unable to stay coherent long enough to explain how he got into this terrible situation or why he was wearing other people’s clothes. The night before his death, he is reported to have cried out “Reynolds” several times, though it is unclear to whom he was referring. “Lord help my poor soul” was Poe’s last words, according to his attending physician. The pertinent medical records have all been lost.

At the time, newspapers referred to Poe’s passing as “congestion of the brain” or “cerebral inflammation,” which are euphemisms for deaths caused by shady circumstances like drinking. The cause of death itself is still unknown., for instance Among the conditions that have been speculated upon include rabies, cholera, heart disease, epilepsy, syphilis, meningeal inflammation, cholera, carbon monoxide poisoning, and delirium tremens. According to one 1872 theory, Poe’s death was caused by cooping, a type of political fraud in which voters were coerced into supporting a specific candidate, sometimes inciting violence or even murder.

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